How to Make Snow Candy – Winter Science

This Winter Science post, How to Make Snow Candy, is a delicious lesson. Teaching this Chemistry lesson is 100% guaranteed to create a reaction!

How to Make Snow Candy

how to make snow candy

Materials Needed:

  • Real Maple Syrup
  • Clean snow
  • Saucepan or pot
  • Container to hold snow
  • Candy thermometer (we didn’t use this)

To Make:

Pour syrup into a pot and boil. The syrup will start to bubble.

If using a candy thermometer, the syrup should read about 240 degrees Fahrenheit.

At this temperature, you will create taffy. If it gets hotter than 240 F the candy produced will be harder and crunchier than soft, sticky taffy. Once the syrup reaches 240 F, pour over the snow.  

Our Snow Candy

Our first attempt to make Snow Candy: To be honest, the first time we did this experiment, it did not work. We ended up with a maple syrup slushie.

I did not have a candy thermometer, so even though I boiled the syrup until I saw it starting to bubble, I still did not boil it long enough.

Our second attempt to make Snow Candy: The second time we did this experiment, we boiled the maple syrup longer to make sure it was hot enough.

Once the syrup started to bubble, while continuously stirring it so as not to burn, we continued to boil it over medium heat, for another 3-4 minutes.

We packed more snow into our containers making the snow thicker.

Then we spooned out our super boiling hot maple syrup on to our fresh fallen snow collected.

Within seconds the syrup hardened into a delicious brown taffy. Sweet Success!

Pre-experimental questions that I asked my boys (students):

  1. If you put a jar of pure maple syrup in the freezer, do you think it will freeze?
  2. What will happen when we pour maple syrup on top of the snow?
  3. Does a packet of hot chocolate dissolve faster in hot milk or cold milk? Discuss.
  4. What sugar is in maple syrup? sucrose

The Chemistry Behind Snow Candy & Sugar

We read and studied more into the science of sugar to try and understand the chemistry behind our snow candy experiment. Our next post, The Sweet Science of Candy Making, explains all the answers to our questions including an explanation of the Chemistry behind the different candy stages and the science of sugar.

Different Candy Stages

The Sweet Science of Candy Making is a follow-up to further explain the chemistry behind that snow candy. That post also answers all our pre-experimental questions including an explanation of the Chemistry behind the different candy stages and the science of sugar.

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